linux无损调整分区大小

  1. summary
  2. 实例
    1. situation
    2. analyze
    3. operation
      1. 1.查看各分区信息
      2. 2.减少/home分区空间
      3. 3.增加/root分区空间
      4. 4.扩展XFS文件空间大小

summary

  • 系统环境: Red Hat 4.8.5-11
  • 情况:
    1. home:500G
    2. root:50G
    3. root分区不够用
  • 思路:把home分区的空间划一部分到root分区
# 设置home分区大小为200G,释放300G空间
$ lvreduce -L 200G /dev/centos/home

# 将空闲空间扩展到root分区
$ lvextend -l +100%FREE /dev/centos/root

# 使用XFS文件系统自带的命令集增加分区空间
$ xfs_growfs /dev/mapper/centos-root

实例

situation

挂载在根目录的分区 /dev/mapper/centos-root 爆满,占用100%

$ df -h
Filesystem               Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/centos-root   50G   50G   19M 100% /
devtmpfs                  32G     0   32G   0% /dev
tmpfs                     32G     0   32G   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs                     32G  2.5G   29G   8% /run
tmpfs                     32G     0   32G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/mapper/centos-home  476G   33M  476G   1% /home
/dev/sda1                497M  238M  259M  48% /boot
tmpfs                    6.3G     0  6.3G   0% /run/user/0

analyze

挂载在根目录的分区空间太小,只有50G,而服务器 home 目录为非常用目录,挂在了近500G的空间。

思路:从 centos-home 分区划出300G空间到 centos-root 分区。

operation

1.查看各分区信息

$ lvdisplay
--- Logical volume ---
LV Path                /dev/centos/home
LV Name                home
VG Name                centos
LV UUID                1fAt1E-bQsa-1HXR-MCE2-5VZ1-xzBz-iI1SLv
LV Write Access        read/write
LV Creation host, time localhost, 2016-10-26 17:23:47 +0800
LV Status              available
# open                 0
LV Size                475.70 GiB
Current LE             121778
Segments               1
Allocation             inherit
Read ahead sectors     auto
- currently set to     256
Block device           253:2

--- Logical volume ---
LV Path                /dev/centos/root
LV Name                root
VG Name                centos
LV UUID                lD64zY-yc3Z-SZaB-dAjK-03YM-2gM8-pfj4oo
LV Write Access        read/write
LV Creation host, time localhost, 2016-10-26 17:23:48 +0800
LV Status              available
# open                 1
LV Size                50.00 GiB
Current LE             12800
Segments               1
Allocation             inherit
Read ahead sectors     auto
- currently set to     256
Block device           253:0

2.减少/home分区空间

# 释放 /dev/centos/home 分区 300G 的空间
# 命令设置 /dev/centos/home 分区 200G空间
$ lvreduce -L 200G /dev/centos/home
WARNING: Reducing active logical volume to 200.00 GiB.
 THIS MAY DESTROY YOUR DATA (filesystem etc.)
Do you really want to reduce centos/home? [y/n]: y
 Size of logical volume centos/home changed from 475.70 GiB (121778 extents) to 200.00 GiB (51200 extents).
 Logical volume centos/home successfully resized.

3.增加/root分区空间

$ lvextend -l +100%FREE /dev/centos/root
Size of logical volume centos/root changed from 50.06 GiB (12816 extents) to 325.76 GiB (83394 extents).
Logical volume centos/root successfully resized.

4.扩展XFS文件空间大小

$ xfs_growfs /dev/mapper/centos-root
meta-data=/dev/mapper/centos-root isize=256    agcount=4, agsize=3276800 blks
         =                       sectsz=512   attr=2, projid32bit=1
         =                       crc=0        finobt=0 spinodes=0
data     =                       bsize=4096   blocks=13107200, imaxpct=25
         =                       sunit=0      swidth=0 blks
naming   =version 2              bsize=4096   ascii-ci=0 ftype=0
log      =internal               bsize=4096   blocks=6400, version=2
         =                       sectsz=512   sunit=0 blks, lazy-count=1
realtime =none                   extsz=4096   blocks=0, rtextents=0
data blocks changed from 13107200 to 85395456

完成


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文章标题:linux无损调整分区大小

文章字数:620

本文作者:叶落阁

发布时间:2017-05-17, 22:00:42

最后更新:2017-11-06, 10:20:12

原始链接:http://yelog.org/2017/05/17/linux无损调整分区大小/

版权声明: "署名-非商用-相同方式共享 4.0" 转载请保留原文链接及作者。

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